- Page titles are different on each unique page, and give a good indication about its
content. This will help you keep track of where you are in the website, and
make it possible to distinguish between pages when you have more than one
window or tab open.
- Headings are relevant and provided in a logical order so that you can use them to
get an overview of the page. For screen reader users, this means that you may
be able to use screen reader functions to jump from heading to heading, or
have a list of all headings displayed, so that you can decide which one is of
most interest to you, and then go straight to it.
All text is resizable, so if it is too small or large for easy reading, you
can use your browser setting to display it at the size you prefer.
If you have already selected a non-standard text size in your browser
settings, the size you prefer will be visible from the moment you enter the
website, and you won't need to reset it for each page.
The wording for text links will be carefully chosen so that each link is:
Clear, giving you a good idea of what the destination
page is about.
Unique, each one is different, unless it leads to the
same page as any others using the same wording.
Complete, not relying on nearby text to explain its
purpose or context.
Concise, as short and to the point as possible.
Easy to identify, not beginning with words like "click
here for" or "link to".
Links that are constructed as described above, are useful for all visitors,
especially those who have modern browsers or access technologies that enable
them to extract a list of links from web pages, so that they are easier to sort
and faster to select.
A text alternative will be provided for all images, relevant to the reason
for the image being there, and will be as short and to the point as possible.
The information you get from the alternative text will depend on the reason for
- Images used as links will have alternatives that, like good text links, tell you about the
- Informative images will have alternative text that contains the information that the image
contributes to the page.
- Images of text will use the visible text as their alternatives.
- Decorative images will be given empty alternative text, so that they are silent when a
screen reader reads the page.
- Layout images will also be rendered "silent" by having empty alternative text.
By using these rules the website will be giving screen reader users a page
reading experience that is as close as possible to that enjoyed by sighted
visitors. It also makes sure that no information is lost if the image isn't
large enough for you to read, or images have been turned off to speed up
browsing on mobile connections.
Colours will be chosen to provide good contrast between text and its
background, and avoid combinations that are known to cause difficulties for
people with colour blindness.
In addition, colour styling will ensure that no parts of the page would be
unreadable if you have chosen non-standard colours in your browser colour
A change of colour won't be used as the only way to identify any information.
So for instance you won't see phrases such as "streets liable to flooding are in
red text". This is obviously because some people can't see the screen, but also
because other people may be unable to tell the difference between colours,
either because of colour blindness or because their screen doesn't process
colours well enough.
n overview of all information that is contained within the NIPEC
website. Within each of the 12 sections, users may link to specific
areas, by using the appropriate links.